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Nobel Prize

Official website of the Nobel Foundation:

nobelprize.org

Nobel Prize Laureates

1996: Rolf M. Zinkernagel
1987: Karl Alex Müller
1949: Walter Rudolf Hess
1937: Paul Karrer
1913: Alfred Werner
1939: Leopold Stefan Ruzicka
1936: Peter Debye
1933: Erwin Schrödinger
1921: Albert Einstein
1914: Max von Laue
1902: Theodor Mommsen
1901: Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen

1996: Rolf M. Zinkernagel

Rolf Zinkernagel
Rolf Zinkernagel
Nobel Prize for Medicine (together with Peter Doherty).

«For research on the biochemical mechanism with which the immune system recognizes and destroys virus-infected cells.»

Born 6.1.1944 in Basel.

At the University of Zurich:
since 1979 Professor of Experimental Immunology.

In 1996, Professor Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Director of the Institute for Experimental Immunology, was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine together with the Australian researcher Peter C. Doherty. They were both honoured for discovering how the human immune system can distinguish between infected and non-infected cells.

Zinkernagel's research focuses also on so-called autoimmune diseases such as juvenile diabetes and multiple sclerosis.

1987: Karl Alex Müller

Karl Alex Müller
Karl Alex Müller
Nobel Prize for Physics (together with George Bednorz).

«For their important breakthrough in the field of superconductivity.»

Born 20.4.1927 in Basel.

At the University of Zurich:
1970-87 Titular Professor
1962-70 Privatdozent
since 1987 Professor of Solid State Physics.

Fellow of the IBM-Research Laboratory in Rüschlikon since 1982.

1949: Walter Rudolf Hess

Walter Rudolf Hess
Walter Rudolf Hess
Nobel Prize for Medicine.

«For his discovery of the functional organization of the interbrain as a coordinator of the activities of internal organs.»

Born 17.3.1881 in Frauenfeld.
Deceased 12.8.1973 in Ascona.

At the University of Zurich:
1913-16 Privatdozent of Physiology
1917-51 Professor and Director of the Physiological Institute.

1937: Paul Karrer

Paul Karrer
Paul Karrer
Nobel Prize for Chemistry.

«For his research on carotenoids, flavins and vitamins A and B2».

Born 21.4.1889 in Moscow.
Deceased 18.6.1971 in Zurich.

Citizen of Teufenthal AG and Oberentfelden.

At the University of Zurich:
1918-58 Professor of Organic Chemistry
1950-51 Rector.

1913: Alfred Werner

Alfred Werner
Alfred Werner
Nobel Prize for Chemistry.

«In recognition of his work on the linkage of atoms in molecules, by which he has thrown new light on earlier investigations and opened up new fields of research especially in inorganic chemistry.»

Born 12.12.1866 in Mulhouse.
Deceased. 15.11.1919 in Zurich.

1895 obtained Swiss citizenship.

At the University of Zurich:
1893 Privatdozent
1893-1918 Professor of Chemistry.

1939: Leopold Stefan Ruzicka

Nobel Prize for Chemistry

«For experiments on the hydrocarbon groups of polymethylenes and higher terpenes such as those used in the making of odorants.»

Born 13.9.1887 in Vukovar.
Deceased 26.9.1976 Mammern/TG.

At the University of Zurich:
1920-25 Privatdozent.

1936: Peter Debye

Nobel Prize for Chemistry

«For his contributions to our knowledge of molecular structure through his investigations on dipole moments and on the diffraction on X-rays and electrons in gases.»

Born 24.3.1884 in Maastricht/NL.
Deceased 2.11.1966 in Ithaca/USA.

At the University of Zurich:
1911-12 Professor of Theoretical Physics.

1933: Erwin Schrödinger

Nobel Prize for Physics.

«For the discovery of new productive forms atomic theory».

Born 12.8.1887 in Vienna.
Deceased 4.1.1961 in Vienna.

At the University of Zurich:
1921-27 Professor of Theoretical Physics.

1921: Albert Einstein

Nobel Prize for Physics.

«For his contributions to theoretical physics, particularly for his discovery of the photo-electric effect.»

Doktor-Urkunde Albert Einstein
Dissertation of Albert Einstein
Born 14.3.1879 in Ulm.
Deceased 18.4.1955 in Princeton/USA.

At the University of Zurich:
In 1907 Albert Einstein submitted his ground-breaking dissertation «A New Determination of Molecular Dimensions» to the University of Zurich.
1909-11 Professor of Theoretical Physics.

1914: Max von Laue

Nobel Prize for Physics.

«For his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals.

Born 9.10.1879 in Ehrenbreitstein.
Deceased 24.4.1960 in Berlin.

At the University of Zurich:
1912-14 Professor for Theoretical Physics.

1902: Theodor Mommsen

Nobel Prize for Literature.

«For the finest living master of the art of historical exposition.»

Born 30.11.1817 in Garding.
Deceased 1.11.1903 in Berlin.

At the University of Zurich:
1852-54 Professor of Roman Law.

1901: Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen

The first winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics.

«In recognition of the exceptional merit that he has gained through the discovery of the rays subsequently named after him.»

Born 27.3.1845 in Lennep.
Deceased 10.2.1923 in Munich.

At the University of Zurich:
1869 Received doctorate.