History of the University of Zurich


Licentiate degree programs are phased out. In the spring of 2015, UZH students were given a final opportunity to finish their degree under the former university system. As such, this date marks the official status of the Bologna System, which was introduced in the winter semester 2004/2005.

UZH as an architect. On 14 September 2015, the Parliament of the Canton of Zurich approved an amendment to the University Act with a 168 to 0 vote. The University now has greater decision-making powers regarding real estate management and can act independently in university-related building projects.
UZH News: A Good Day for UZH (in German)

Wyss Zurich. On 7 December 2015, the Wyss Translational Center Zurich was officially opened in the presence of donor Hansjörg Wyss. The research center is run jointly by UZH and ETH Zurich and seeks to quickly and efficiently translate innovative ideas from basic research in regenerative medicine and robotics into practical applications.
Website: Wyss Translational Center Zürich


100-year anniversary of the main building. On 17 April 2014, the centennial celebrations for the University's main building began. Over the course of the year, the landmark building designed by architect Karl Moser is honored with exhibitions, tours, concerts, and a multimedia guide.
Website: Haus der Wissenschaft (in German)
Multimedia guide: Das Haus der Wissenschaft entdecken (in German)


University of Zurich Student Association (VSUZH). 35 years after the last student association was dissolved, and two years after the formation of a new group was approved by the Cantonal Parliament, UZH students had reason to celebrate: With the foundation of the VSUZH, the student body now has a legally and financially independent organization. This enhances their ability to represent the interests and ideas of the students at the operative level.
Website: VSUZH – University of Zurich Student Association (in German)

Bio-Technopark in Schlieren. The UZH campus in Schlieren was opened – the University's fourth campus after City, Irchel, and Oerlikon. UZH's Life Sciences departments are now located in the direct vicinity of numerous important biotech companies.
UZH News: UZH Opens Its Schlieren Campus (in German)


UBS Center of Economics in Society. The Center was established thanks to a generous donation on the occasion of UBS's 150th anniversary. The new institution has the twofold aim of supporting research at the Department of Economics and of promoting knowledge sharing between academia, politics, and society.
Website: UBS Center of Economics in Society


Scientifica. The research fair of UZH and ETH Zurich was held for the first time in 2011. The event quickly became established in the city and now takes place every two years.
Website: Scientifica – Zurich's Research Fair (in German)

University Medicine Zurich. This ambitious undertaking is spearheaded by UZH, ETH Zurich, and the University's five hospitals. The overarching aim is to establish a foundational link between medical care and basic research. As such, University Medicine Zurich unites research and education in the natural sciences, medicine, and technological disciplines.
Website: University Medicine Zurich (in German)


175th anniversary of the University of Zurich. The University of Zurich celebrated its 175th anniversary under the motto "Wissen teilen."
Website: 175th anniversary of the University of Zurich (in German)


Award for excellence in teaching. The Credit Suisse Award for Best Teaching was presented for the first time at the 2007 Dies academicus. The prize is awarded annually in recognition of innovative approaches to teaching.


Recognition of research excellence. In recognition of its standing as one of Europe's leading research universities, the University of Zurich became a member of the internationally renowned League of European Research Universities (LERU).

New management structures. The University introduced its reorganized management structures. The Office of the President's is now responsible for strategic planning, and the three Offices of the Vice President are in charge of medicine and science, arts and social sciences, and law and economics, respectively, as well as the areas of research, educational development, and academic services. The administrative director is responsible for finances, human resources, and infrastructure.

Oerlikon Campus – interim location. After City Campus and Irchel Campus, the University opened its new premises on the new, but provisional Oerlikon Campus.

Zurich, Basel, Aarau. The University of Zurich entered into a cooperation agreement with the University of Basel and, in collaboration with the city of Aarau and the canton of Aargau, the new Center for Democracy was founded in Aarau.


Breathtaking architecture. Following a 15-year project and construction phase, the Library of the Institute of Law was opened in November 2004. Designed by Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava, the University's Law Library houses a collection of approximately 170,00 volumes and 700 journals/publication series.


"Ada" at the Expo ’02. The University and ETH Zurich joined forces for the National Exhibition 2002. The two universities introduced the interactive project "Ada - the intelligent space" at the Arteplage Neuchatel.


Cooperation agreement with ETH Zurich.The University of Zurich and ETH Zurich signed their first-ever official cooperation agreement.

UZH at Zurich's Main Station. The newly established Festival Science et Cité was staged at Zurich's Main Station.


Enhancing quality assurance. An independent evaluation unit assessed the University's organizational units to ensure top quality at all levels. In the future, assessment processes will be repeated in six year cycles.


Unitectra technology transfer. Unitectra, a limited company set up by UZH and the University of Bern is the successor company of Biotectra, which was founded in 1996. Unitectra was created to promote the transfer of technology from the University to industry and, in particular, to help establish spin-off companies.


The University of Zurich gains political autonomy. On 15 March 1998, the voters of the Canton of Zurich approved the new University Law and gave the University the status of an autonomous legal entity. As a result, the University is able to manage its finances independently within a global budget and to organize itself as it sees fit. The new governing body of the University is the Board of the University, which is made up of leading figures from academia, culture, business, and politics.

Joint centers of competence. The University of Zurich iniated steps to further develop its collaboration with other universities and ETH Zurich: Centers of competence for neuroscience, plant science, and international studies were created. Research focusing on banking and finance - a project in cooperation with five Zurich banks and insurance companies - commences.

Clear stand on genetic engineering. The University of Zurich and its representatives, in particular Director of Education Ernst Buschor, UZH President Hans Heinrich Schmid, and Nobel Prize laureate Rolf Zinkernagel, took a public stance against the so-called "genetic protection initiative." The initiative was rejected by the Swiss voters on 7 July.


Moving toward political autonomy. The cantonal government handed over responsiblitiy to the University for: University policy, human resources, pay, and financing. A working committee of the University and ETH was formed to initiate new forms of collaboration.

Opposition to cost-cutting measures. The introduction of general compulsory matriculation resulted in a higher number of enrolled students. At the end of November, students organized the Lux Parade to demonstrate against the Canton's cost-cutting measures.

Nobel Prize awarded to Rolf Zinkernagel. Rolf M. Zinkernagel, professor of experimental immunology, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine for his discoveries concerning the specificity of the cell mediated immune defense.


Numerus clausus abolished. The numerus clausus for medicial studies, imposed in 1994 by the Zurich Cantonal Government, was abolished by the Federal Supreme Court on the grounds that the measure lacks a legal basis.

Private funding. Due to stringent cost-cutting measures, the Universtiy and authorities sought new sources of funding.

Right to appoint teaching staff. The University was granted the authority to appoint teaching staff on its own behalf without the interference of the Canton - an initial move toward autonomy.


Stricter regulations. Regulations governing secondary employment of UZH professors and the use of inventions were introduced.


Project uni2000 begins. The goal of the reform project uni2000, initiated by UZH President Hans Heinrich Schmid: Dispensing with the old model of a university administered by the Canton and transforming UZH into an indepedent entity constituted under public law. The project included a global budget for all University business to cover expenses. These measures were introduced to ensure that UZH can conduct its core activities in education, research, and related services.


Law and economics split. The Faculty of Law and Political Science was divided into two faculties: The Faculty of Law and the Faculty of Business, Economics and Informatics. The increasing importance of economics already prompted the creation of a department of law and a department of economics in the 19th century.

Relations with Eastern Europe. The University of Zurich participated in the European mobility program for students, as participation in European research programs was gaining significance. Special partnerships were developed with East European universities and a week-long event initiated.

Larger role for the federal government. The Swiss federal government began assuming more responsibility for the development and coordination of higher education institutions. The University of Zurich and the Paul Scherrer Institute jointly created the Institute of Medical Radiobiology. The ETH Zurich and the University agreed to found an Institute of Neuroinformatics. A less positive development: The growing gulf between expectations and available funds available, with the University set to receive less federal funding. Priority is given to research priorities and specific programs.

Decrease in student numbers. A drop in student numbers as the baby boom generation of the 1980s completed their studies. Over the coming years the number of students would continue to drop. The main reasons: Higher semester fees and the abolition of reduced health insurance premiums for students.


A voice in decisions. Privatdozents, teaching and research assistants, and students were granted the right of co-determination at faculty assemblies for the appointment of professors.

University at "Eureka." The University took part in the national research exhibition "Eureka" at Zurich Allmend, showing a cross section of its work from anatomy all the way to economy. A fully functioning lab was part of the University's presentation.


Walter Burkert awarded the Balzan Price. Walter Burkert, long-time Professor of Classical Philology at the University of Zurich, received the Balzan Price.


New trends in subject choice. Of the approximately 20,000 students at the University of Zurich, a disproportionately high number chose the subjects economics, business administration, psychology, or education.

Woman at the helm. Regula Herter bacame the first Chief Fire Officer of the University's fire brigade.


"No" to new student body. The Government Council of the Canton of Zurich rejected a proposal to once again create a student body constituted according to public law.

Nobel Prize awarded to K. Alex Müller. K. Alex Müller, Professor of Solid State Physics at the University of Zurich, received the Nobel Prize for his discovery of high-temperature superconductivity.

President in rickshaw. As part of the exhibitions surrounding the large-scale Swiss event "India in Switzerland" at the Ethnographic Museum of the University of Zurich the President, Konrad Akert, went for a ride in a  rickshaw.


IT boom. Student numbers in the field of information technology in an upward trend.


Strengthening the Office of the Vice President. The University's new management structure was introduced: The Office of the President as a full-time department, a Vice President for Teaching and Research, and a Vice President for Planning, Finance and Real Estate Management. A year later, the administrative director would be appointed. Over the following years, the scope of responsibility of the Offices of the Vice Presidents would undergo frequent revision.

"Dies" at Irchel Campus. The Dies academicus was held in the auditorium at Irchel Campus for the first time. Previously, the foundation ceremony was held in the University's main building, except for 1983, when, on the occasion of UZH's 150th anniversary, it was held in Grossmunster.

University at "Phänomena." From May to October the University took part in the popular science exhibition "Phänomena" at Zurichhorn.


Developments at Irchel Campus, part 2. The University of Zurich - at the time with some 15,000 students - celebrated its 150th anniversary. During the anniversary year, the second stage of Irchel Campus was completed.


Improved management structures. On 25 April, the voters of Zurich approved a revised education law. The University vastly improved its management structure by appointing a full-time president (four-year term) and two part-time vice presidents (two-year term).


Criticism of Cantonal Government Councillor Gilgen. The Opera House riot shook Zurich. In the summer of youth riots, the protests also extended to the University due to a ban on a video screening of the Opera House riots, filmed by the Institute of Social Anthropology. The events exposed shortcomings in the University's governing bodies and the administrative procedures between the Cantonal Education Department, the Department of Health, the President's Office, faculties, and institutes.


Developments at Irchel Campus, part 1. The first buildings at the new Irchel Campus officiall opened their doors.


End of the student body. The student body as a public legal entity with compulsory membership was abolished. The right of the students to co-determination was transferred to the Extended Student Council (EGStR), subsequently the Student Council (StuRa), which did not have the same legal authority or room to maneuver.


Special Building Regulations. Special building regulationsfor the University's property entered into force.


Dual professorships with ETH Zurich. The University and ETH Zurich began conducting research in the same buildings, the first of which is the Institute of Toxicology in Schwerzenbach. In addition, the University and ETHZ established dual professorships.

Audiovision has arrived. In response to the rising number of students, new means of communication became necessary: A booth with slideshow, soundtrack, and headphones was set up in the foyer of the main building.


University extends to Irchel. Student numbers at the University of Zurich reached the 10,000 threshold. To accommodate the growing University, construction of new buildings began at the former Strickhofareal at Irchel - the future Irchel Campus.


End of the Uni Ball. Under at times tumultuous circumstances the last of the traditional Uni Balls was held. In its place came the cafeteria and Uni celebrations.

Closure due to student unrest. Student unrest at the University reached a climax when the main building closed for two days at the beginning of July.


Students take to the streets. Ongoing student riots erupt following controversy about educational policy and broader social issues: it culminates in the famous Globus riots. Not even the invasion of Czechoslovakia by Warsaw Pact troops can stir up deep feelings at the University: student politics dominate.

University Law founders. A University Law is proposed, however, it does not meet with the approval of the Cantonal Government when presented in 1975.


Designated Presidents. The growing University needs stronger leadership. On 29 January the Senate elects a designated president for the first time, who can prepare to take office in the following year and help the incumbent President with his duties.


First thoughts of expansion. The University of Zurich is running out of space. The first proposal for physical expansion comes from the Faculty of Science, which suggests moving part of the University to the "Strickhofareal" in Zurich Irchel.

Balzan Prize is awarded to Paul Hindemith. Paul Hindemith, Professor for Music Theory, Composition and Music Education at the University of Zurich from 1951 to 1956, receives the Balzan Prize.


More students. After years of decreasing student numbers the figure begins to rise once again. In 1960 over 3,000 students are enrolled - just as many as in 1950; by 1963 the number has already risen to over 5,000.


Nobel prize awarded to Walter Rudolf Hess. Walter Rudolf Hess, Director of the Physiological Institute of the University of Zurich, receives the Nobel Prize for Medicine for his research into the role played by the interbrain in determining and coordinating the functions of internal organs.


Churchill in the auditorium. On 19 September Winston Churchill gives a speech to the "academic youth of the world" in the auditorium of the University of Zurich. The speech culminates in the famous call "Therefore I say to you: let Europe arise!"


University at the "Landi". The University features as part of the patriotic tableau at the National Exhibition in Zurich which takes place in the shadow of the war.


Nobel prize for Paul Karrer. Paul Karrer, Professor for Organic Chemistry, receives the Nobel Prize for his research on vitamins.


Centennial. The University of Zurich celebrates its 100th anniversary. It now has 2,033 students.


"Zürcher Student" rolls off the press. The student newspaper "Zürcher Student" appears for the first time. Throughout all the ups and downs of university and student life the paper has to this day continued to be an important mouthpiece.


Official opening of University premises. The University's Main Building on Rämistrasse is officially opened on the occasion of the Zurich Sechseläuten. Thanks to the commitment of the Aargau architect Karl Moser who oversaw the project from the drawing board down to the last destails of interior design a work of art is created.


Alfred Werner receives Nobel Prize. In recognition of his work on the linkage of atoms in molecules Professor Alfred Werner is awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry.


From Institute of Higher Education to University. The educational authorities decide to officially rename the Zurich Institute of Higher Education, thus making the distinction between the newly designated Federal Institute of Technology, the former Polytechnic, and the University clearer.


Einstein appointed as lecturer. Albert Einstein teaches theoretical physics at the University of Zurich for two years.


Yes to the Main Building. The citizens of Zurich accept the preliminary draft proposal for new University premises. A separation contract between the Canton of Zurich and the Swiss Federal Government stipulates the structure of ownership of the University and the ETH and paves the way for the integration of the two bodies' common collections and institutions.


Over a thousand students. The number of students enrolled at the University tops 1,000 for the first time.


Second-oldest Facululty of Veterinary Medicine. The Zurich "Thierarzneyschule" (School of Veterinary Medicine), which was founded in 1820, is affiliated to the University as an autonomous Faculty Veterinary Medicine. Although Zurich began to provide academic training for veterinarians relatively late compared with other veterinary schools the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine is the second oldest faculty in the world, after the faculty in Berne was founded a year earlier.


Fiftieth birthday. The University of Zurich celebrates its fiftieth birthday. It now has 463 students and 91 lecturers, of whom 37 are professors.


A Russian as first woman student. The Russian Nadeshda Suslowa, who has been admitted to medical studies as an audit student since 1865, is retrospectively enrolled for the winter semester 1866/67 and at the end of the year becomes the first woman in the German-speaking world to be awarded a doctorate.


University in the Poly building. The University takes up residence in the southern wing of the Polytechnic building, newly built by Gottfried Semper, on the Polyterrasse.


Division of the humanities. The Faculty of Humanities is divided into a Department of Arts - Philosophy, Languages and History (phil. I) and a Department of Mathematics and Natural Sciences (phil. II).


Polytechnic for rent. The newly created Federal Polytechnic is accepted for the time being as a guest of the University in the "Hinteramt" in Zurich's Augustinergasse.


"Universitas Turicensis" founded. The Canton of Zurich combines its existing colleges of theology, jurisprudence and medicine into the "Universitas Turicensis" and supplements these three areas of study with a faculty of arts. This is the first university in Europe to be founded by a democratic state instead of by either a monarch or the church.

161 students, 55 lecturers. In the first year 16 theology students, 26 law students, 98 medicine students and 21 arts students enroll. The handbook of courses is published in German and Latin. Great hopes for the future. The founders hope ultimately to turn the cantonal university into a national Swiss university. In a letter to a friend the spiritual father of the Zurich University, Johann Caspar von Orelli, wrote: "We had to found a Zurich university just to achieve something. But it, and it alone, can, and should become the Swiss University." The dream never came true.


Ab 2009: in Zusammenarbeit des Universitätsarchivs mit der Abteilung Kommunikation
1833-2008: by Heinzpeter Stucki and Michael T. Ganz,
adopted from the jubilee brochure "rückblenden | einsichten | ausblicke" 2008