Advances in Medicine
Modern medicine has made advances that have brought great benefits to society. We currently have an in-depth understanding of many diseases, and medical research findings have led to the discovery of cures and have helped alleviate suffering. Without laboratory experiments on animals, the discovery of insulin and antibiotics, for example, or the development of vaccines, treatments for cancer and cardiovascular disorders, as well as modern surgical and diagnostic methods, would not have been possible.
The University of Zurich understands that many people take a critical view of experiments on animals and that they only accept such experiments in certain circumstances. UZH takes care to employ other methods whenever possible and only involves animals in research when no alternative exists. In this regard, the University is committed to exemplary keeping of animals, proper training of the staff involved, careful planning of experiments, and exercising every opportunity to mitigate distress for the animals. It regulates these responsibilities via a strict policy based on both the "Basel Declaration" and the Three Rs Principle of “Replacement, Reduction, Refinement.”
Animal Experiments Primarily on Rodents
In 2014, mice and rats comprised approximately 78 percent of the animals used in Swiss university and industrial laboratories. According to the statistics of the Federal Food Safety and Veterinary Office (in German), birds and fish accounted for a further 10 and 7 percent, respectively. In approximately 7 out of 10 cases, the animals experienced no or only minor stress. Only 2 percent of all approved experiments in Switzerland were highly stressful for the animals.
Three Rs: Replacement, Reduction, Refinement
As is the case with all experiments on animals, the use of animals in research studies is only approved after the cantonal authorities have conducted an extensive evaluation of all interests. The commission on animal experimentation and the cantonal veterinary office assess compliance with the Three Rs principle.
|Replacement||Replace the animal experiment with a procedure that does not involve animals|
|Reduction||Reduce the number of laboratory animal to the absolute minimum|
|Refinement||Improve the experimental procedures|
The commission on animal experimentation performs an evaluation of interests for every animal testing application submitted. In this evaluation, the benefits of the proposed study are weighed against the distress caused to the animals. The commission on animal experimentation only recommends the cantonal veterinary office to grant the request when the benefits clearly prevail.