Modern medicine has made advances that have brought great benefits to society - especially thanks to animal experiments. We currently have an in-depth understanding of many diseases, and medical research findings have led to the discovery of cures and have helped alleviate suffering.
Advances in medicine thanks to animal research
Without laboratory experiments on animals, the discovery of insulin and antibiotics, for example, or the development of vaccines, treatments for cancer and cardiovascular disorders, as well as modern surgical and diagnostic methods, would not have been possible.
The University of Zurich understands that many people take a critical view of experiments on animals and that they only accept such experiments in certain circumstances. UZH takes care to employ other methods whenever possible and only involves animals in research when no alternative exists. In this regard, the University is committed to exemplary keeping of animals, proper training of the staff involved, careful planning of experiments, and exercising every opportunity to mitigate distress for the animals. It regulates these responsibilities via a strict policy based on both the "Basel Declaration" and the Three Rs Principle of “Replacement, Reduction, Refinement.”
Animal experiments primarily on rodents
In 2020, 556,107 animals were used for animal experiments in Switzerland, 2.8% fewer than in 2019. According to statistics of the Federal Office for Food Safety and Veterinary Services, nearly 72% of the animals used in Swiss university and industry laboratories were mice (62.3%) or rats (9.5%). The next most commonly used animals were birds including chicken (11.9%), fish (6.0%) as well as amphibians and reptiles with 5.5%. More than two thirds of the animals (70.3%) experienced no or only slight distress. 26.2% of the animals were exposed to moderate distress and 3.5% to severe distress.
Evaluation of Interests for Each Research Application
As is the case with all experiments on animals, the use of animals in research studies is only approved after the cantonal authorities have conducted an extensive review. The Commission on Animal Experimentation performs an evaluation of interests for every animal testing application submitted. In this evaluation, the benefits of the proposed study are weighed against the distress caused to the animals. The commission only recommends that the Cantonal Veterinary Office grant the request when the benefits prevail. In addition, the Commission on Animal Experimentation and the Cantonal Veterinary Office assess compliance with the 3Rs principle.